LocHal Public Library
The LocHal is the new public library of the City of Tilburg. A former locomotive hangar has been transformed into a public meeting place. It revives a former industrial area on ‘the wrong side of the tracks’ into a vibrant mixed-use district. The LocHal exemplifies how a city’s industrial history, can form the roots for a new symbol of public life.
The LocHal redefines the library typology. While preserving ‘book consumer’ facilities, it also stimulates interaction and the creation of new knowledge. The building forms a covered public space, housing amenities shared by the library, arts organizations, and co-working facilities. In addition to areas for public events, the building has a number of ‘labs’ where visitors can learn new skills.
Large open spaces match the monumental value of the hall and the idea of an 'open' library. From the entrance hall, the landscape of stairs leads visitors up to the peripheral galleries where you can retreat into one of the quieter reading areas. Higher up, the filtered light and the refined details of the structure create a more ephemeral atmosphere. A large public balcony offers panoramic views over the city.
The LocHal catalyzes the redevelopment of the Railway Area. It transforms a ‘forbidden city’ that for decades divided the city in two, into an attractive destination that connects the historic center, with the North of Tilburg.
The architecture is a reinterpretation of the original building (1932). The main structure determines the rhythm and language of the new architecture. Perhaps the most conspicuous feature of the building is its sheer size. With a height of fifteen meters, it is both imposing and inviting. The entrance hall forms a covered square with large reading tables (doubling as podia), an exhibition area and a coffee kiosk. The space folds up into a landscape of stairs that can be used as event space for over a thousand spectators.
The spaciousness is strengthened by diagonal views across the interior, enabled by smart engineering. Climate zones preserves the openness of the building; heating visitors in key contact zones instead of entire spaces. Six grand, movable textile screens enable flexible separation of areas. This made it possible to preserve the LocHal as one large space, rather than inserting closed volumes or replacing it altogether.
The library capitalizes the carefully preserved existing structure, minimizing new structural elements. Columns, floors, parapets and the textile screens form the ‘grand gestures’ that emphasize the perpendicular axes of the historical industrial processes in the building.
The imperfections of the existing materials contribute to the productive and public atmosphere. New additions are constructed in pure materials such as black steel, concrete, glass, and wood, applied over large surfaces. Six textile screens that extend to ceiling height accentuate the scale of the space while improving the acoustics. The screens, with a surface area of 4.125 m2, can be repositioned in numerous configurations. To separate the co-working area from the higher library floors, or to create a small auditorium for instance.
The materials reveal their characteristic textures when viewed at close hand. The intricate window frames and translucent textile screens play with the daylight, creating refined shadow patterns. After dark, the building is turned ‘inside out’, with the interior becoming the main source of light: an inviting beacon in the city center.